Chapter 4: Elementary Reactions

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Chapter 4 is in a portable document file (pdf) and can be viewed by clicking the blue Chapter 4 button. The drawing below the button pictures a typical elementary reaction involving a carbohydrate radical. Beside this drawing is a summary of Chapter 4.

This drawing pictures an elementary reaction of a carbohydrate.
Summary of Chapter 4

Radical reactions are composed of sequences of elementary reactions. An elementary radical reaction is one that does not produce an intermediate. Most elementary, radical reactions consist of transformation of one radical into another, but those that create radicals from nonradicals or cause radicals to disappear also qualify. Elementary reactions are listed in a general form in Table 1 of Chapter 4. Examples of carbohydrates that undergo each type of reaction are discussed.